It was the ancient lakes on the menghanyao what Dongdongppbox

It was the ancient lakes on the menghanyao end is what the new "Three Kingdoms" to Hua Tuo Guan guagu in Datura flower is common Chinese provinces mentioned menghanyao, people will think of the robbery frightful to the ear. In the martial arts novels, a small amount of wine can make outstanding figures due to their inability to resist and fight, the world is really a powerful hallucinogen? Can it only be used to harm people and rob wealth? What are the main ingredients of it? Menghanyao, interpretation from the literal meaning is to live Hamon medicine. This drug can inhibit sweat glands sweat secretion, anesthesia nerve, make the muscle flabby, after wearing, people will be in the trance trance sleep. What is the predecessor of the palace? When it is used to the beginning for his money? Not really. In ancient times, it was an anesthetic for surgeons. "Liezi · Tang asked" recorded in return from the art of doctor Bian Que in person to do the operation, to avoid pain, let a person drink wine ", which is in the dead state. "Houhanshu" said the doctor Hua Tuo invented the "mafeisan". The legend of "Mafeisan" is composed of Datura flower, Ukraine grass, Angelica dahurica, Angelica sinensis, Rhizoma Chuanxiong, Rhizoma Arisaematis etc. according to a certain proportion. In addition, Hua Tuo also drew inspiration from Bian Que medical experience before the surgery, the wine and Mafeisan mixed together to help patients swallow wine, medicine, so better able to make patients in anesthesia, thus reducing the patient’s pain. "Poison" and "Mafeisan" is the predecessor of the palace. The earliest recorded with flowers in Datura swordsmen of the Robin Hood type coma should be the "week of Southern Song Dynasty historian. Since then, he became a famous wine, the secret weapon of the highwayman, and indissoluble bound Jianghu culture. The reason why so many people Chinese novels crazy, I’m afraid menghanyao plays a big role. Not only in the martial arts novels in classical literature, many Chinese, have a relationship with menghanyao heroes of the Greenwood too closely. As recorded in the Festival back in class circumvent birthday Chinese classical masterpiece "Water Margin" in sixteenth, menghanyao will play a significant role, even has always been meticulous, cautious careful Yang Zhi Qing mianshou bowed under the strong effect of menghanyao, watched escort treasure is seven Liangshan heroes robbed. Thus, because the power of magic and inseparable with menghanyao arena, such as martial arts, from the record is not difficult to find the menghanyao characteristics: first, the drug has the nerve anesthesia effect, the resistance is very strong, after taking can quickly make people lose consciousness, lethargy, after a period of time after the return to the waking state; in addition, the drug can dissolve in alcohol, it’s in combination with alcohol use, presumably because both men love wine, because wine aroma can mask the bitter medicine of it; and wine can help the medicine, wine is wine catalyst, a dose, efficacy happened so quickly. So why have menghanyao so powerful? What are the main ingredients of it? Is there an antidote? Rhododendronmolle (drug name: Rhododendron, Rhododendron anthopogonoides) name, is a highly toxic drug, common folk it dip wine out.

一闻就倒 古代江湖上的蒙汗药到底是什么东东 新《三国》的华佗给关羽刮骨疗毒 曼陀罗花在中国各省很常见一提到蒙汗药,人们就会想到骇人听闻的强盗行径。在武侠小说里,少量的蒙汗药就可以使英雄豪杰因无力反抗而束手就擒,世间难道真有威力无穷的蒙汗药吗?难道它只能用来害人抢财吗?它的主要成分又是什么? 蒙汗药,从字面意义上解释就是把汗蒙住了的药。这种药物可以抑制汗腺分泌汗液,麻醉神经,使肌肉松弛无力,服下后,人便处于失去知觉的昏睡状态。蒙汗药的前身是什么呢?它刚开始的时候就是用来谋财害命的吗?其实不然,在远古时代,它是医生进行外科手术的麻醉剂。 《列子·汤问》中记载有起死回之术的神医扁鹊在给人做手术时,为避免疼痛,先让人饮下一种“毒酒”,使其处于迷死状态。《后汉书》中说东汉神医华佗发明了“麻沸散”。传说“麻沸散”是由曼陀罗花、生乌草、香白芷、当归、川芎、天南星等按照一定比例配制而成的。此外,华佗还从扁鹊行医的经历中得到启示,手术前,将酒和“麻沸散”混在一起让病人吞服,酒助药力,这样能够更好地让病人全身处于麻醉状态,因而减少了病人的疼痛感。 “毒药”和“麻沸散”就是蒙汗药的前身。最早记载绿林豪杰用曼陀罗花置人于昏迷状态的史学家应该是南宋的周去非。此后,蒙汗药便名声大震,成了强盗剪径的秘密武器,与江湖文化结下了不解之缘。中国武侠小说之所以令很多人痴迷不已,蒙汗药恐怕起了很大的作用。 不仅在武侠小说里,在中国很多古典文献中,蒙汗药跟绿林好汉都有着过于密切的关系。像在中国古典名著《水浒传》第十六回记载了智取生辰纲一节,蒙汗药就发挥了极其可观的作用,就连一向心思缜密、行事谨慎小心的青面兽杨志都拜倒在蒙汗药的强大药效之下,眼睁睁的看着押送的金银财宝被七名梁山好汉抢走了。 由此可见,蒙汗药因威力神奇而与江湖、武侠等密不可分,从记载中不难发现蒙汗药的特点:首先,该药具有麻醉神经的作用,药性很强,服用后便可迅速使人失去知觉,昏睡不醒,历经一段时间后才可回到清醒状态;另外,该药可以溶于酒精,之所以将其与酒混在一起使用,想必既是因为男儿爱美酒,又因为酒的浓香可以掩盖它的药苦味;再者酒能助药力,酒是蒙汗药的催化剂,一起服下,药效发生甚速。那么蒙汗药为何有如此强大的威力呢?它的主要成分是什么?有没有解药可寻呢? 闹羊花(药名:羊踯躅),学名黄花杜鹃,也是一种剧毒的麻醉药,民间常用它浸酒外擦用于伤科止痛。 蒙汗药的成份有多家说法,其中说法最广,也最令大众信服的是以明代李时珍《本草纲目》为代表的很多医学书籍,记载古代的多数麻醉剂都是以曼陀罗花为主要成分制成的。现代医学和药学经研究发现,曼陀罗花是优质的麻醉剂,能抑制汗腺的分泌,使人处于绵软状态,曼陀罗花产于中国西南各省,又名山茄子、风茄子等,夏秋之交开出白色或紫色的花,叶子和果实都呈卵圆形,叶、花和果实中都含有镇痛、麻醉作用的东莨菪碱成份。 剧毒中药——草乌多生于山背阴寒之处,中药饮片的制草乌是将草乌与生姜、黑豆、甘草等解毒药一起猛火煎煮一夜,毒性大减。 第二种说法,就是采用一种剧毒的中药——草乌。草乌内含有一种化学物质叫乌头碱,它对人的神经末梢有先兴奋后麻醉的作用,药力很强。但草乌和乌头碱都有剧毒,少量服用便可置人于死地,这与蒙汗药的症状不大相同。 第三种说法,是押不芦。南宋周密在文章中提到回回国(波斯)西边数千里外有一种植物叫押不卢,它的一点点粉末就能置人于昏迷状态之中。 这三种只是有可能充当蒙汗药主要成分的植物,其实蒙汗药是多种药物配制而成的,它到底是由什么药物配制而成的,还有待进一步去考证。古代有很多毒药都有解药,蒙汗药有没有解药也成为很多人关注的问题。据北宋科学家沈括记载,有一种植物叫“坐拿草”,它的叶子能使昏迷的人苏醒,这也许就是蒙汗药的解药吧。不过事实究竟如何,至今都还是一个谜团。相关的主题文章:

« »

Comments closed.